Urinary Tract Infections: Causes, Risks, and Treatment

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) are infections in the urinary system, including kidney, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The population with the greatest risk of infection is women; however, men can develop UTIs as well. Symptoms include strong persistent urge to urinate, burning sensation, cloudy or red urine, pelvic (women) or rectal (men) pain. Should a UTI spread to your kidneys, there can be serious complications and consequences.

The infection is caused when bacteria enters through the urethra into the urinary tract. Sexual intercourse can lead to Cystitis (infection of the bladder) but not all who develop it are sexually active. It is more common for women to contract this due to their anatomy. Urethritis (infection of the urethra) occurs when a gastrointestinal bacteria spreads to the urethra. STIs such as herpes, gonorrhea, and chlamydia can also call urethritis.

Risk factors can include being sexually active, certain types of birth control, post-menopausal, urinary tract abnormalities, blockages, low immune system, or catheter use. As mentioned, just simply being a woman is a risk factor.

Doctors can test urine samples for UTIs. Should you have an infection, an antibiotic will be prescribed.

Should you experience symptoms of a UTI, visit AFC Doctors Express Waltham where we can test and treat infections. We accept most insurance and have low costs for those without insurance. Call us today at 781-894-6900 or visit us today at 1030 Main Street in Waltham. There is rarely a wait and we accept all walk ins.

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